signs of fentanyl poisoning

Fentanyl has become a tragic daily news item. Learn about this dangerous drug and the signs of fentanyl poisoning.

The rising tide of drug overdose deaths in the U.S. is now led by fentanyl. In most of these cases, the person had no knowledge that the substance they were taking had fentanyl in it. This deadly drug is being manufactured in illicit labs, most being located outside of the country. Dealers then take advantage of the profit potential on the street.

As fentanyl deaths skyrocket, more people are starting to pay attention to this scourge. However, no progress will be made without first facing the growing addiction rates in general. Read on to learn about the symptoms of addiction and the signs of fentanyl poisoning.

Learn About Fentanyl

Fentanyl was developed decades ago to treat severe pain, such as in a terminal cancer patient. The opioid binds to the receptors in the brain that control the pain messaging from the central nervous system.

Fentanyl is tightly controlled, as it is much more potent than morphine or heroin. Just a tiny amount of the drug, as little as 2 milligrams, can cause an overdose.

Fentanyl comes in different forms. These include lozenge, nasal spray, film strips, dermal patches, tablets, or liquid forms.

The effects of fentanyl are swift and include:

  • Pain relief.
  • Sedation
  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria
  • Slowed breathing rate.
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

The drug is easily copied, which means cheap analogs of fentanyl can be manufactured in clandestine labs in foreign countries. The influx of fentanyl in the U.S. comes mostly from China or Mexico through the southern border.

Why Is Fentanyl So Dangerous?

Many of the overdose deaths have occurred in people who had no idea that they were taking fentanyl. People seeking street drugs are often unaware that the substance they purchased had been mixed with the deadly fentanyl. This mostly occurs when buying heroin, although fentanyl has also been detected in cocaine and black market pills.

By far, it is from the heroin market that most of the fentanyl deaths occur. Heroin addiction has surged for the last decade due to the opioid epidemic. People became hooked on pills and then had to seek out a cheaper replacement—heroin. In the past few years, the heroin supply has been mixed with fentanyl. This is what has greatly increased the rate of fatal overdose in the U.S.

There are some people who ingest fentanyl solely to achieve a high. Fentanyl patch abuse is one example of using the drug in this way. There are many ways that the patch is abused:

  • Using multiple patches at once.
  • Chewing the patch.
  • Scraping the gel contents and inject a liquefied form.
  • Steeping the patch like tea and drinking the fentanyl.

As with all opioids, a person dealing with fentanyl addiction will build up a tolerance to it, leading to increased dosing and the risk of overdose.

signs of fentanyl overdose


What Are the Signs of Fentanyl Poisoning?

It doesn’t matter whether someone uses fentanyl with the intent to get high, or takes it unawares. Either way, the use of fentanyl increases the risk of addiction, overdose, and death.

When a fentanyl overdose occurs, it is a serious medical emergency. There is very little time for successful intervention. This is due to the potency of the drug and its swift effects on the central nervous system. It is able to pass through the fat that is inside the brain. Within just seconds, someone can lose consciousness.

Signs of fentanyl overdose include:

  • Low blood pressure.
  • Limp body.
  • Feeling extremely groggy or sleepy.
  • Difficulty breathing; slowed breathing.
  • Making gurgling sounds.
  • Pinpoint pupils.
  • Loss of physical coordination, being unable to walk.
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Cold, clammy skin.
  • Bluish lips.
  • Cognitive impairment.
  • Slowed heart rate.
  • Coma

Fentanyl poisoning requires immediate attention and may require calling 911. Death can occur rapidly. Most first responders are trained now trained to administer naloxone to help reverse the effects of opioid overdoses.

What is Naloxone?

Naloxone, sold under the brand name Narcan, is a drug that has helped reverse the effects of countless opioid overdoses. Naloxone can restore breathing, which saves hundreds of lives each day.

Once the drug is dispensed, though, immediate follow-up medical treatment is needed. This is because the effects of naloxone wear off. Without follow up care, the outcome could end up being fatal.

After the person has recovered from the overdose event, they should enroll in a treatment program right away. A formal treatment program uses proven evidence-based methods to help people overcome addiction.

Treatment for Addiction Recovery

Treatment for opioid addiction can take about a year in all. The rehab program may last 3-6 months, but treatment will continue for months after that. It takes this long for the brain to repair itself and stabilize, often with the help of medication for months.

Treatment will include these elements:

  1. Detox. Detox and withdrawal launches recovery. This step allows the body to cleanse itself of the opioid. The detox process should not be attempted without medical support. The team will provide measures to help ease the withdrawal symptoms as well as to support the client emotionally.
  2. Treatment. Active treatment begins right after detox. It involves a variety of behavioral treatment methods. These include talk therapy, group therapy, family therapy, 12-step meetings, addiction classes, relapse prevention planning, and medication.
  3. Aftercare. After the treatment program is done, early recovery requires continued support. Weekly or twice weekly therapy sessions can be very helpful. Sober living is another good aftercare option, where the client can live in a substance free home. Joining a recovery group like N.A. or A.A. is also recommended.

If you recognize the signs of fentanyl poisoning, time is of the essence. Get immediate medical help if a fentanyl overdose is suspected.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Provides Treatment for Opioid Addiction

Bodhi Addiction Treatment is a treatment program that uses a blend of evidence-based therapies and holistic methods. By taking into account all aspects of a person, mind, body, and spirit, we are able to provide effective treatment results. If you or a loved one struggle with opioid use disorder, please call us today at (877) 328-1968.

how long does methadone withdrawal last

Maybe you’ve been on MAT with methadone after treatment for heroin addiction, or maybe methadone was your drug of choice. Either way, you want off this drug and may wonder, “how long does methadone withdrawal last?”

Methadone is an opioid that is mostly used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs. These are drugs that replace heroin or other opioids. Methadone is prescribed for a minimum of one year, although some people may remain on the drug for years.

Even though you have replaced heroin with methadone, the problem is that you become dependent on this drug as well. At some point, you may decide to attempt total sobriety or to replace methadone with another drug.

When the time comes that you wish to stop the MAT program and quit methadone you will need expert support. How long methadone withdrawal lasts, and how severe the symptoms will be, is unique to each person. Keep reading to learn more about methadone and going through methadone withdrawal.

What is Methadone?

Methadone is a synthetic opioid that is prescribed for people in recovery from a heroin or opioid use disorder. Methadone is a Schedule II controlled substance, requiring that maintenance therapy be tightly regulated. Methadone is dispensed from clinics using strict controls in order to reduce the risk of misuse.

As a drug that will replace heroin, methadone satisfies the brain’s reliance on an opioid. It, therefore, thwarts withdrawal symptoms as the body adjusts to it. Unlike other opioids, methadone does not produce a euphoric effect. The treatment goal is that, over time, the person no longer exhibits drug-seeking behavior. This allows them to be more stable in recovery.

What is MAT?

Heroin addiction treatment now involves MAT. The treatment provides opioid antagonists and agonists to help control cravings and slowly reduce the desire for the drug. These drugs are prescribed for the purpose of helping someone in recovery have a better shot at a successful recovery. In most cases, the drugs are prescribed for a limited time, such as 3-12 months, before starting a taper. However, in some cases, long-term use of these drugs is warranted.

MAT is always closely monitored, as these drugs themselves are prone to abuse. Some people may begin to use them illicitly. They may crush the drug and snort it or liquefy the drug and inject it. These drugs are always prescribed as one part of an aftercare program. It should include outpatient therapy and support groups.

Methadone is the most strictly controlled drug of all the MAT options. By replacing heroin, it tricks the brain into thinking it is getting the heroin. Methadone is only to be obtained through a special clinic.

Long-Term Effects of Methadone

While methadone is used for at least a one-year period, there are risks involved with the long-term use of methadone. Some of the adverse events that can occur when this drug is used for a protracted time period may include:

  • Becoming dependent or addicted to methadone.
  • Damage to sexual function.
  • Lasting changes in menstrual cycles of women.
  • Memory impairment.
  • Cognitive changes.
  • Lung damage.
  • Problems related to neglect of personal hygiene, such as tooth decay.

What to Expect in Methadone Detox and Withdrawal?

When you decide to stop taking daily methadone and wish to achieve total sobriety it is important to have medical support. Withdrawal symptoms may be anywhere from mild to severe.

There are some factors that will influence how severe the methadone withdrawal symptoms will be. These include:

  • How long you have been on methadone.
  • Your age.
  • The dose of methadone you were on.
  • BMI
  • Genetics

Before stopping this drug you will need a tapering plan in place. This allows you to slowly adjust to lower and lower doses of methadone. By doing a taper you greatly reduce cravings, the pain of the symptoms, as well as the risk of relapse.

The onset of withdrawal symptoms is slower than with other drugs. This is due to the long half-life of this drug. It means that the symptoms emerge later and last longer. During detox, a doctor provides meds for the symptoms, such as diarrhea, nausea, high blood pressure, pain, and anxiety.

The detox process will progress in three stages:

Stage 1. The withdrawal symptoms start off mild. Expect to feel light flu-like symptoms, such as chills, fever, or muscle aches. It is common to feel a little fuzzy-headed on the first day, as well as have excess yawning. Anxiety is also present in many people.

Stage 2. During this stage, days 2-3 of detox, the symptoms become more intense. The flu-like symptoms will become more pronounced, along with irritability and insomnia. There are strong drug cravings present during this phase of withdrawal. Many have psychological symptoms like hallucinations and paranoia.

Stage 3. The final stage, days 4-10 of detox, sees the symptoms starting to subside. When wondering how long methadone withdrawal last, most symptoms will resolve by day 7, but those with a longer history of methadone use or higher doses take longer. During this stage, depression is quite common, as are cravings.

During stages 2 and 3 of detox, there is a high risk of relapse. Without expert support, the symptoms and cravings can overpower your desire for sobriety and you just give up. This is why it is so important to have detox support throughout the process.

For some people, methadone addiction is due to misuse and not the effects of a MAT program. If so, you will follow up the detox phase with a treatment program. Treatment will involve a multi-pronged approach of many types of therapy, classes, and 12-step programming.

How long methadone withdrawal lasts depends on several factors. Knowing what to expect during detox can help you get in the right frame of mind before starting the withdrawal process.

Bodhi Addiction Provides Safe Methadone Detox Services

Bodhi Addiction Treatment offers on-site medical detox support for those wishing to stop the methadone MAT program. At Bodhi we strive to provide the utmost in comfort as you progress through the detox process. If you have questions about methadone detox, please give our team a call today at (877) 328-1968.

Delirium tremens hallucinations

What Are Alcohol Hallucinations Like?

If you are seeking help for an alcohol use disorder, you may wonder, “What are delirium tremens hallucinations?” Read on to learn about alcohol detox symptoms and risks.

Taking that first brave step toward breaking free from an alcohol use disorder can be life-changing. Alcohol detox will be the first phase of recovery. During detox, the body purges the remaining alcohol toxins and adjusts over a period of days to its absence. Detox and withdrawal prepare the person for treatment, which is a must to achieve long-term sobriety.

During withdrawal, the person will have symptoms that range from mild to severe, based on the severity of the alcohol problem. Trained detox experts will closely observe the withdrawal symptoms. This includes being on the alert for any adverse health event that might arise, such as delirium tremens (DTs) hallucinations. The DTs are a medical emergency.

How Does Alcohol Dependency Develop?

Alcohol dependence is what happens over time as brain chemistry and pathways become altered by heavy drinking. As tolerance grows, the person will consume even more alcohol, leading to dependency.

Once someone is dependent on alcohol they become sick with withdrawal symptoms when the effects of alcohol wear off. This traps the person into a constant cycle driven by cravings, alcohol-seeking behaviors, and then withdrawals. To avoid feeling sick, the person will seek more alcohol, and the cycle repeats.

Alcohol addiction is the state at which a person has a compulsive need to drink. This is the result of the brain’s reward system tricking someone into believing they must continue the disordered drinking. This happens, even despite the many problems, the drinking problem is causing in one’s life.

11 Signs of Alcoholism

Even a high functioning alcoholic will someday begin to reveal the signs and symptoms of their drinking problem. These are some common warning signs of an alcohol use disorder:

  1. Avoids friends and family while drinking; wants to drink alone.
  2. Consumes more alcohol as time goes on.
  3. Drinks in response to stress, sadness, anger, or disappointment.
  4. Hand tremors in the morning.
  5. Cannot remember things they said or did the night before.
  6. Experiences financial, legal, career, or family problems due to drinking.
  7. Their doctor advised them to cut down on drinking.
  8. They lie about how much alcohol they drink.
  9. They are preoccupied during the day with drinking or craving alcohol.
  10. They get drunk several days in a row.
  11. They have withdrawal symptoms when the effects of alcohol wear off.

What Happens During Alcohol Withdrawal?

When someone attempts to stop drinking it can result in physical discomfort and pain, as the body tries to adjust. This is caused by the impact drinking has had on the central nervous system over time, and on brain pathways. When the alcohol intake stops, the decreased response of GABA receptors in the brain incites withdrawal symptoms.

Excess alcohol intake causes increasing levels of toxins to be stored in the brain. This can result in the brain trying to suppress certain neurotransmitters. That is why, when someone stops drinking, these brain chemicals become hyperexcited, and withdrawals commence.

Alcohol detox withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Sweating
  • Hand tremors.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Shaking
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Irritability
  • Headache
  • Disorientation
  • Elevated heart rate.
  • Elevated blood pressure.
  • Insomnia
  • Seizures
  • Delirium tremens.

What Are the Delirium Tremens Hallucinations?

The DTs are the most severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms. The DTs usually appear about 3 days after the last drink is consumed, but are difficult to predict. Tremors that may have begun in the hands now progress to the head and the body.

With the onset of DTs, the person will become highly uncoordinated and may experience extreme mental confusion and hallucinations. Delirium tremens hallucinations can be very frightening. The person may see images of spiders, rats, reptiles, or other things that would cause fear.

There are also auditory hallucinations, where the sounds of the creatures can be heard in the mind. Along with these, night terrors and delusions are also possible with the DTs. Sweating becomes profuse, blood pressure spikes, and the heart rate increases sharply.

The DTs occur in about 5% of those going through alcohol detox and can prove fatal to 15% of those people.

Some risk factors for DTs include:

  • Age (middle age or older).
  • History of seizures during alcohol withdrawal in the past.
  • Abnormal liver function
  • Having a co-existing mental health disorder
  • Extreme alcohol cravings.

Next Steps After Alcohol Detox

After detox has finished, a structured treatment program provides the blueprint and coping skills for navigating recovery. Treatment for alcohol use disorder involves the following items:

  • Therapy. During treatment, you will engage in many forms of therapy. Therapy helps you tackle thought patterns that keep you stuck in unhealthy behavior responses, then guides you toward making changes. Therapy is offered in both one-on-one and group formats.
  • Education. Treatment programs include classes that teach how alcoholism develops, and also how to prevent a relapse. Psycho-social education focuses on essential coping skills for recovery.
  • Holistic. Coming from a holistic approach means that each person is composed of body, mind, and spirit. With this guiding principle, treatment will include holistic treatment elements. These might include mindfulness, art therapy, yoga, massage, and acupuncture.

Detox puts you on the path to a new life, but treatment and continuing care help you remain on the recovery path. Now that you know “What are delirium tremens hallucinations?” you can move forward toward safely starting your recovery. Know that the DTs are very rare, and the detox staff is ready to provide treatment if these symptoms arise.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Offers Expert Detox and Treatment Services for Alcoholism

Bodhi Addiction Treatment provides the most up-to-date evidence-based treatment for alcohol use disorder. Our program includes alcohol detox, through which our trained detox team will guide you safely. For any questions about alcohol detox or the DTs, please call us today at (877) 328-1968.

can you force someone into rehab

If you are concerned about a loved one’s addiction, learn if you can force someone into rehab.

It is truly heartbreaking to stand by and witness a loved one destroy their life with drugs or alcohol. It seems that no matter which tactic you use to try and convince them to get help, nothing resonates.

While it is always best for someone to enter rehab of their own volition, sometimes the decision must be made for them. This not only applies to underage minors, but to people of any age who are trapped in addiction. Thankfully, the majority of states do allow for involuntary commitment to a treatment program.

About Involuntary Commitment to Rehab

As drug overdose deaths keep ramping up, there is a growing sense of urgency to get people to help. In the U.S. there are 37 states with laws that permit involuntary commitment to addiction treatment. The laws are very strictly written, though, and each state has its own rules about forcing someone into rehab.

When you want to commit a loved one to rehab you must first make your case in court. There are certain things you must show proof of, as the process helps protect people’s rights. If the person doesn’t agree they need rehab, they have the right to an attorney.

To commit a person to rehab you must provide proof of these:

  • That the person has a diagnosed substance use disorder.
  • That they have attempted, threatened, or inflicted harm on themselves or others.
  • That the addiction is so severe that the person is not able to provide for their basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing.

Another route to take is through the drug courts. In many cases, especially in young adults, substance abuse leads to crime. The person may be arrested due to crimes related to their drug or alcohol abuse. These might include DUIs, petty theft, and violent crime. Court-ordered treatment will force the person into rehab.

Keep in mind that the courts do not pay for the person to go to rehab. They can approve the involuntary commitment but will expect whoever petitioned for it to pay the costs of treatment.

6 Signs it’s Time to Force Someone into Rehab

No one wants to take away a loved one’s personal liberties. However, when addiction is causing great harm to their health and wellbeing, getting them help should be a top priority. Here are some signs that it is time to force a loved one or family member into treatment:

  1. They have had multiple arrests related to the addiction.
  2. They have attempted suicide due to the addiction.
  3. They have failing health due to the addiction.
  4. Their mental health is affected by the addiction.
  5. They cannot keep a job due to the addiction.
  6. They cannot control or stop substance use.

What About an Intervention?

Before forcing someone to enter rehab through the courts, why not first try an intervention? This can be a very effective strategy for helping to nudge the loved one into treatment.

An intervention is an encounter between the loved one and close family members and/or friends. The purpose of an intervention is to tell to the loved one how their substance use disorder is adversely affecting them. The goal is to share these feelings in a constructive way that motivates them to get help.

How Can You Support the Loved One in Recovery?

If your loved one does go into rehab, either by his or her own will or involuntarily, do plan to be a support for them. They have a long, difficult journey ahead and will need your love and support. Here are some ways you can be of help in their recovery:

  • While they are in treatment, do participate in any family days or family therapy sessions.
  • Remove substances from the home.
  • Don’t judge them. They are a person in recovery from a disease, so avoid hurling any judgmental words.
  • Encourage open conversation. Let them know you are there for them when they want to chat openly about their recovery process.
  • Set healthy boundaries and avoid codependent or enabling behaviors.
  • Offer emotional support and love, but don’t supply them with money.

What Can Someone be Forced into Rehab Expect While in Treatment?

Even though the loved one was forced to go into treatment, they will still gain a lot from the program. After detox and as they begin to feel better, they will become more engaged in their treatment process.

Addiction treatment entails a multi-modal system of therapies and techniques that can prompt positive life changes. Most of these are behavior-related therapies that guide the person toward changing their dysfunctional thought patterns.

In rehab, your loved one can expect to engage in these treatment elements:

  • Psychotherapy. CBT and DBT can assist your loved ones in changing how they respond to stressors or triggers. Also, therapy sessions help the person process any underlying issues that may be factored in the substance use disorder. Getting to the bottom of the underlying pain or struggle is key to making lasting changes.
  • Group sessions. Small peer group sessions are very helpful in treatment. These sessions boost a sense of belonging and social support.
  • Holistic actions. Because stress is a leading trigger for relapse, learning how to relax can be a great coping tool. These might include yoga, deep breathing exercises, mindfulness training, or massage.
  • Recovery meetings. Taking part in local recovery meetings such as A.A. is often included in the rehab programming. Alternatives like SMART Recovery are also provided as an option at many rehabs.

So, can you force someone into rehab? In the majority of states, with variations in the rules, yes you can. For many people, this might just save their life.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center Provides Comprehensive Rehab Services

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center can offer your loved one safe and supportive space for conquering a substance use disorder. Bodhi is a rehab program that helps people overcome alcoholism and drug addiction. Our holistic program helps clients achieve both sobriety and mental wellness. For more details about the evidence-based program, please reach out today at (877) 328-1968.

the combination of other depressants and alcohol

What Happens When Alcohol is Mixed With a Depressant?

The combination of other depressants and alcohol is a recipe for overdose. Learn about the dangers of mixing depressants and alcohol.

It may seem harmless at first. You struggle with sleep issues, so you take an Ambien or Ativan and chase it with a drink—or two. But because these drugs are depressants like alcohol, you run the risk of slowing the central nervous system too much.

For this reason, most sedatives carry a clear warning not to mix them with alcohol. Accidental overdoses often occur when someone loses track of how much they have imbibed while on benzo. The heart rate and breathing rate can drop so low that coma or death can occur.

What Are Depressants?

Depressants are among the most widely used drugs in the world. Depressants, such as tranquilizers, sedatives, and hypnotics, slow brain activity by attaching to the neurotransmitters and increasing GABA levels. This action causes you to feel deeply relaxed and drowsy. This class of drugs also helps reduce muscle tension, and induces sleep.

Examples of depressants include:

  • Barbiturates
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Hypnotics
  • Alcohol

Examples of substances with sedative effects include:

  • Opioids
  • Over the counter sleep aids.
  • Allergy pills.

Effects of depressants include:

  • Lowers blood pressure.
  • Fatigue
  • Large pupils.
  • Loss of balance or coordination.
  • Memory problems.
  • Slowed pulse rate.
  • Reduced inhibitions.
  • Slowed breathing.
  • Impaired judgment.
  • Impulsive actions.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Trouble focusing.
  • Slowed reaction time.
  • Confusion

Most depressant medications are controlled by the DEA and are classified in a range from Schedule I to Schedule IV based on their potential for misuse or addictive properties.

What Are the Most Common Sedatives?

There is a reason why depressants are so popular. The drugs provide swift effects, quickly causing a calming, relaxing effect. These are the most prescribed depressants, and which are often paired with alcohol:

Xanax. Xanax is the most commonly prescribed benzo for panic attacks.

Valium. Valium is also a benzo used for anxiety.

Ativan. Ativan is a benzo used to treat anxiety and insomnia.

Ambien. Ambien is a fast-acting hypnotic sedative used to induce sleep.

Vicodin. Vicodin is a pain reliever that has the effect of causing deep relaxation.

Dangers of Mixing Alcohol and Pills

Alcohol on its own can present enough dangers to health and wellbeing. When the combination of other depressants and alcohol occur, the effects that result can be quite harmful. Alcohol and pills both work on slowing the body’s systems, and:

  • Can slow the breathing rate too much.
  • Can slow the heartbeat too much.
  • Can impede brain functions.
  • Can cause brain damage.
  • Can lead to coma.
  • Can cause death if the person stops breathing or the heart stops beating.

But there are even more adverse effects that can result from mixing alcohol and pills. These can include:

  • Accidental injuries.
  • Sexual dysfunction.
  • Poly-drug addiction.
  • Suicidal thoughts.

Signs of Overdose

Because of the potent effects of mixing depressants and alcohol, the central nervous system can become overwhelmed. When too much of these substances are in the body, it can cause a slowing in functions. This means the breathing rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and heart rate will drop.

When the combination of other depressants and alcohol happens, certain factors can affect the outcome. These include the age of the person, their hydration level, what they ate that day, their BMI, and their gender. When the levels of the depressants become toxic, an overdose occurs.

Symptoms of overdose include:

  • Shallow, slowed, or stopped breathing.
  • Gurgling sounds, or snoring.
  • Blue-tinged lips or fingertips.
  • Having hallucinations.
  • Floppy limbs or muscle weakness.
  • Loss of balance.
  • Falling unconscious; not responsive.
  • Mental confusion.
  • Fainting
  • Coma

Signs of a Poly-Drug Addiction

Whether you are addicted to one drug or multiple substances, there are red flags that can alert loved ones. As the substance abuse worsens, the symptoms will begin to impact all aspects of daily life. Warning signs include:

  • Changes in eating or sleeping habits.
  • Neglecting your obligations.
  • Hanging out with a different crowd.
  • Excessive absences at work or school.
  • Stealing money or property.
  • Physical signs of addiction.
  • Memory problems.
  • Can’t focus.
  • Mood swings.
  • Angry outbursts.
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Lying about substance use.
  • Withdraw from friends and family
  • Lack of motivation
  • Poor performance at work.
  • Legal problems.
  • Loss of job; money problems.
  • Withdrawal symptoms.

Treatment for Substance Use Disorder

Gaining control over a substance use disorder that involves depressants is crucial for avoiding overdose and death. Expert treatment can help you overcome a poly-drug addiction. Addiction treatment includes:

  • Detox. A medical detox will be carefully planned, as both alcohol and benzo detox can be risky. A doctor will prescribe a taper program for the benzo or opioid. Meanwhile, the detox team watches out for adverse effects of the alcohol detox.
  • Psychotherapy. Individual talk therapy sessions allow the individual to delve into past emotional pain, traumas, mental health conditions, or current stressors, and help to process and heal these using evidence-based therapies. Clients will learn how to reshape dysfunctional thought patterns so that new productive behavior patterns replace drug-seeking behaviors.
  • Group therapy. Group counseling sessions are excellent opportunities to share your experiences with others who have similar challenges. This helps to foment peer support and camaraderie, which is helpful while going through addiction treatment as it makes participants feel they are not alone.
  • Family group. Many rehabs include family therapy, understanding how central the family unit is to everyday functioning. These sessions help family members begin to understand each other better, to begin to heal from the pain caused by the addiction, and to learn more productive ways of relating going forward.
  • Coping techniques. Rehab prepares you for recovery through classes that teach you how to avoid a relapse. Gaining new coping skills combined with relapse prevention planning is a key focal point in rehab.
  • 12-step programs. Recovery meetings provide social support and the chance to make some new sober friendships.

The combination of other depressants and alcohol can lead to a fatal outcome. If you suffer from an AUD, reach out for help today.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center Provides Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

Bodhi Addiction Treatment is a rehab program that helps people overcome alcoholism and poly-drug use disorder. Our holistic program helps clients achieve both sobriety and mental wellness. For more details about the evidence-based program, please reach out today at (877) 328-1968.

alcoholic eyes

Does Alcohol Affect Your Eyes?

“Alcoholic eyes” is a catchall term that refers to the adverse effects of alcoholism on eyesight and eye health.

Most people have heard about the negative health effects of heavy drinking. We know that alcoholism can cause liver disease, cancer, heart disease, and brain damage. What we may not be aware of is that excessive drinking can also damage the eyes.

Alcoholic eyes refer to a whole host of eye health problems that can be caused by alcoholism. It is just one more reason to get into treatment for an alcohol use disorder. To learn more about alcoholic eyes, read on!

How Do I Know I Have an Alcohol Problem?

About 15 million Americans struggle with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) each year.

An AUD can develop when someone acquires the habit of daily drinking. This happens as tolerance increases, leading the person to consume ever-higher amounts of alcohol.

The brain adapts to the dopamine response triggered by alcohol consumption, which causes neural pathways to become altered. Over time, the habit becomes a compulsive need to drink because the person has become chemically dependent on alcohol.

There are some classic warning signs and symptoms that can alert you to a drinking problem. These include:

  • Trying to stop or limit drinking, but not able to.
  • Drinking alone.
  • Having blackouts.
  • Lying about how much you drink; hiding alcohol.
  • Drinking causes problems in relationships.
  • Neglecting responsibilities.
  • Isolating; avoiding social events.
  • Getting into trouble with the law.
  • Increased tolerance.
  • Keep drinking even as problems caused by alcohol continue to mount.
  • Increased cravings.
  • Bloating
  • Red, glassy, puffy eyes.
  • Having withdrawal symptoms; frequent hangovers.

How Does Alcohol Use Disorder Harm Our Eyes?

Alcohol is toxic to the body, including the eyes. Drinking can cause harm to the eyes, starting with dehydration and swollen blood vessels. Excessive alcohol use for a prolonged period can result in various eye-related conditions.

Chronic heavy drinking can do more than just cause visible signs of eye irritation. The vision itself can also be affected by an alcohol problem, as well as eye health. These effects can lead to serious eye problems if the AUD is not curtailed and treated.

What Are the Short-Term Effects of Alcohol On Eyes?

The short-term effects of AUD on the eyes of an alcoholic are many. These include:

  • Eye irritation.
  • Bloodshot eyes.
  • Dry eyes.
  • Double vision.
  • Eye pain.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Eye twitching.
  • Migraines
  • Rapid eye movement.
  • Slow pupil reaction.

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Alcoholic Eyes?

For those with a more severe AUD, the long-term damage to the eyes caused by heavy drinking may include:

  • Age-related macular degeneration.
  • Cataracts.
  • Weakened ocular muscles.
  • Optic neuropathy.
  • Distorted vision.
  • Eye paralysis.
  • Glaucoma
  • Eye perforation.

How To Prevent Getting Alcoholic Eyes

You may have an AUD and want to avoid experiencing these short and long-term eye problems. If so, you will need to seek expert help. The support and guidance you receive at a quality treatment program can help you overcome the AUD.

The program will include these components:


Prior to starting the rehab program, you will meet with the clinical team. During this meeting, the clinician will ask a series of questions. These will relate to your drinking history, such as how long you have been drinking and how much you consume. They will review your health and mental health history as well. From the answers you give them, they can assess whether you have a mild, moderate, or severe AUD. This can guide the detox protocols and help them predict your detox timeline.

Medical Detox

There are some risks involved with alcohol detox if you have a moderate or severe AUD. This explains why people are never advised to attempt detox on their own without medical support. During detox the body will expel the alcohol from the system over a period of about 5-7 days. Symptoms peak on day 3-4 before they begin to subside. The detox team will offer drugs as needed to help reduce the discomforts of the withdrawal symptoms.


When you finish detox you will be stable enough to engage in treatment. Treatment will focus on different types of therapy that help you make needed changes in your behavior patterns. This is done through the use of evidence-based therapies that have been studied and shown to work. They include CBT, DBT, CM, and MET. Therapy is offered in both one-on-one sessions and group sessions.

Family Work

The role of the family as a source of support cannot be overstated. During family-focused therapy sessions members are guided to avoid enabling and codependency. They are also able to work through any major family issues that might have factored into the AUD.

Dual Diagnosis

A large number of people with AUD also have a co-occurring mental health challenge. When this is the case, it is critical that the person receives treatment for the mental health disorder along with the AUD. This is called a dual diagnosis and requires psychiatric expertise.


There is a tight link between our mental state and our health. During rehab, you will learn ways to relax, which help you manage stress better. These are methods you can, and should, practice throughout recovery, as stress can cause a relapse. Holistic treatment methods might include yoga, mindfulness training, art therapy, keeping a journal, massage, and breathwork.

If you or a loved one has acquired alcoholic eyes, that is a sign that treatment for the AUD is needed. The sooner help is sought for alcoholism, the sooner the damage to the eyes will stop.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center Treats Alcohol Use Disorder

Bodhi Addiction Treatment centers its program on caring for the whole person. It is through this mind-body-spirit pathway that wellness can be restored. Avoid the danger of acquiring alcoholic eyes and get help now. For any questions about the program, please contact the team today at (877) 328-1968.

snorting adderall

What Happens If You Snort Adderall?

It is well known that Adderall is addictive, but the dangers of snorting Adderall only increase the risks of this drug.

It may have started as an innocent attempt to do better in school. The news got out that Adderall, the drug used for treating kids with ADHD, could keep you going through the night. It was not a surprise that students found plenty of ways to access the drug, and called it the “study drug.” The drug is also misused as a tool to lose weight.

The problem is that Adderall is speed. It is an amphetamine-based drug that can cause very severe side effects when abused. Can you snort adderall? One of the ways the drug is abused is by crushing and snorting it. If you find yourself abusing this drug, its time to consider looking for help. Reach out to our treatment team for a confidential assessment (877) 328-1968.

Keep reading to learn more about the dangers of snorting Adderall, and how to get help for an Adderall addiction.

More About Adderall

Adderall is a Schedule II controlled substance and is highly addictive. It is a combo of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine and comes in doses ranging from 5 mg-30 mg strengths. The drug is prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy. It works by stimulating the central nervous system, which speeds up certain bodily processes, like heart rate and blood pressure.

The huge increase in Adderall scripts is due to college students seeking the drug. According to this NYT article, sales of the drug have sharply risen since it was introduced in 1996.

A student may feign the symptoms of ADHD to obtain Adderall from a doctor, or purchase it off the street. Students also sell the drug to fellow students, and some will buy it online. Many people are still not aware that meds prescribed by a doctor can be harmful, especially when used recreationally.

Signs of Adderall Abuse and Addiction

At first, people may not notice Adderall abuse at first. It may seem that the person is in a great mood all the time. They seem full of energy and super engaged in life.

But as the drug use goes on, they may start showing weight loss, mood swings, and agitation. This may be the point when you realize the individual is abusing a drug, and that drug is Adderall.

Signs and symptoms of Adderall abuse include:

  • Euphoria
  • Nervousness
  • Extra energy.
  • More social than before.
  • Marked loss of appetite, weight loss.
  • Angry or hostile behavior.
  • Foggy thinking.
  • Jittery
  • Overly talkative.
  • Mood swings.
  • Financial troubles.
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased sleep.
  • Aggressive behavior.
  • Nosebleeds
  • Frequent headaches.
  • Signs of IV use, track marks, abscesses.
  • Hallucinations

As the drug’s effects wane over time, the person may ramp up their dosage even more. This is a sign of addiction. You can become addicted to Adderall in as little as two weeks. The effects are very similar to those of cocaine addiction or even meth.

The Dangers of Snorting Adderall

Those who aim to enhance the Adderall high may crush the drug and snort it. They will seek out the extended-release version of the drug. This form of the drug is more potent. Taking it orally, as designed, allows for a gradual release in the system. When crushed and snorted, the full impact of the drug hits the bloodstream all at once.

When the drug is abused in this manner, the brain cannot process it and serious adverse effects can happen. These include seizures, racing heart rate, severe confusion, high blood pressure, fever, and even psychosis. It can also lead to an overdose, which could result in a heart attack, stroke, coma, or death.

Taking Adderall with Alcohol

Another way that Adderall becomes very risky is by taking the drug along with drinking alcohol. Mixing these two substances can have very severe effects.

Some of the negative effects of mixing Adderall and alcohol include:

  • Overdose. This can happen when the person no longer perceives the effects of the substances. They may not feel the full effect of the Adderall or the alcohol and continue to use them. This can lead to an overdose.
  • Seizures. One adverse effect of combining the two substances is having a seizure.
  • Damage to the central nervous system. This can be a result of long-term Adderall and alcohol abuse.
  • Injury. Being impaired by the alcohol without being aware of how impaired due to the Adderall’s effects, can lead to an accident or injury.
  • Heart problems. Adderall and alcohol use can lead to serious heart problems. These include heart rhythm issues, rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure, and increased risk of stroke or heart attack.
  • High-risk behaviors. While under the effect of both substances it is harder to reason or make judgment calls. This can result in impulsive or risky actions.
  • Psychosis. Abusing both substances may cause psychotic symptoms.
  • Poly-substance addiction. The more these two substances are abused, the better the chance of addiction.

Adderall Overdose

Snorting Adderall can lead to an overdose, which can have fatal consequences. An Adderall overdose is considered a medical emergency, so swift attention is needed. Signs of Adderall overdose include:

  • Profound mental confusion.
  • Severe panic attack.
  • Vertigo
  • Hyperventilation
  • Hallucinations
  • Heart arrhythmia.
  • Loss of consciousness.
  • Coma

Help for Adderall Addiction

Treating an individual with an Adderall addiction or dependency will involve a multi-pronged approach, including:

  • Detox. During medical detox, a detox team will closely monitor vital signs and symptoms throughout the process. Adderall detox can take from one to three weeks.
  • Individual therapy. These one-on-one sessions allow you to explore the underlying reasons for leaning on Adderall.
  • Group sessions. Small group therapy sessions with peers offer a safe, supportive space to discuss struggles and fears.
  • 12-step groups. A.A.’s 12-step program provides a structured, step-by-step process to achieve lasting sobriety.
  • Holistic tools. The goal of rehab is to equip you with the skills and tools needed to sustain recovery. This includes learning how to better manage stress through deep breathing, mindfulness, and yoga.
  • Relapse prevention planning. Making a relapse prevention plan is a key recovery tool. You list your triggers, and then which steps to take when confronted with the triggers.

If you are addicted to this drug, you may also be at risk of the dangers of snorting the Adderall. If this is the case, you will need expert care. A treatment program can safely guide you through the detox process and therapy that can break the grip of addiction.

Bodhi Addiction Centers Offers Treatment for Adderall Addiction

When Adderall addiction has latched on tight and controls your days, Bodhi Addiction Centers is here to help you break free. To learn more about our program, please contact the Bodhi team today at (877) 328-1968.

Can you die from heroin withdrawal

Can You Die From Heroin Withdrawal?

You may have read that you can die from heroin withdrawal. Can you? In most cases, the answer is no, but there are complications that could result in death.

Someone battling a heroin addiction may be ready for sobriety but is very fearful of the withdrawal process. Addicts are very familiar with the painful withdrawal effects—so much so they keep using the drug to avoid them.

There is support for those who desire sobriety but dread the detox process. Through the support and guidance of experts in the addiction recovery field, you can safely get to the other side. Keep reading to learn more about heroin withdrawal, treatment, and recovery.

About Heroin Addiction and Heroin Withdrawal

Heroin is a product of opium, which comes from poppy plants mostly in Southeast Asia. After the opium is changed to morphine, the highly addictive substance, heroin, results. Heroin has no medical value and is therefore labeled an illicit drug with a Schedule I DEA classification.

When someone who has become addicted to heroin attempts to stop using the drug, the body will rebel within hours. A cascade of flu-like symptoms is triggered. This is because of the way addiction changes the brain chemistry over time. As the person continued to use the heroin and became dependent on it, their brain structure was altered. After addiction has evolved, the person will use heroin just to avoid being sickened by the withdrawal symptoms.

What You Can Expect During Heroin Detox and Withdrawal

When you enter a detox program you will begin to process through the withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms begin 6-12 hours after the last heroin dose.

Symptoms begin as mild flu-like symptoms also known as “dope sick” symptoms, then peak at about 72 hours before they start to subside. Many of these symptoms can be controlled with prescription and over-the-counter meds given during the detox.

Heroin withdrawal symptoms may include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Restlessness
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle spasms.
  • Bone pain.
  • Muscle and joint aches.
  • Shaking
  • Sweating
  • Chills and goosebumps
  • Excessive yawning.
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Nervousness
  • Depression
  • Agitation
  • Intense cravings.

The level of severity of the withdrawal symptoms will vary based on how long the person has been using heroin and the amount of heroin used.

Dangerous Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms

When someone’s detox is being watched over by a detox team it can reduce many of the risks of withdrawal. When someone attempts to stop heroin use without this type of support, though, there can be serious health risks.

The major issues that can increase the risk of death from heroin withdrawal are:

  • Dehydration. When symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea are not being treated by a treatment provider, it can result in dehydration. This can have very serious adverse affects on someone’s health. Dehydration causes such things as kidney failure, heart attack, organ damage, low blood shock, and seizures.
  • Depression. Heroin withdrawal can trigger the symptoms of depression. Left without support, the person may be overwhelmed with feelings of despair and even become suicidal.

Detox experts are able to provide the meds and support needed throughout the detox process. This is vital to the person being able to complete the detox from start to finish. Without this support, most people would give up and return to the drug just to stop the withdrawal effect.

 What Happens After Heroin Withdrawal?

A formal treatment program is the next step of the recovery journey. Without this treatment, it is not possible to sustain sobriety. That is because the thought patterns that keep someone shackled to heroin use must be changed. The process takes a certain amount of education, therapy, and support to be effective.

For someone with a long history of heroin addiction, a 90-day inpatient rehab program provides the best chance of long-term success. While enrolled in the program the person will learn and practice new ways of thinking and responding to life stressors. These behavior-based therapies can help them replace prior behaviors with new, healthy ones.

During rehab, the person will engage in a variety of treatment actions. Each treatment program will have its own theme or niche that helps define it. While most rehabs use evidence-based treatment approaches, these can vary from one program to the other. In addition to psychotherapy, methadone or other replacement drugs can also help sustain recovery.

The basic treatment elements for heroin recovery include:

  • Therapy, such as CBT, DBT, CM, and MET.
  • Group work with peers
  • Holistic activities
  • Life skills classes
  • Relapse prevention planning
  • Twelve Step program
  • Recreation

Rehabs also offer a variety of other services and features based on the central mission or theme of the program.

Ways to Help Maintain Abstinence from Heroin

After you have completed the detox and treatment phases of recovery, there is still work to be done. In fact, great care should be taken to shore up your recovery after rehab, as relapse after a period of sobriety can prove fatal.

To maintain abstinence from heroin you will need to keep up with your sober support network and aftercare actions. By attending meetings as often as you can you surround yourself with others who can help support you. Getting a sponsor is also a vital step that can offer an extra layer of protection from relapse.

Sober living can be very helpful. Not everyone has a supportive home to return to, so sober living can help, at least in the early months. It is also good to keep going to therapy sessions. These sessions can be a source of support when setbacks or challenges happen.

So, can you die from heroin withdrawal? While quite rare, it is still possible. Instead of taking undue risks, have a trained detox team manage your detox and withdrawal process.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center Provides Treatment for Heroin Addiction

Bodhi Addiction Treatment Center can help you safely navigate the heroin withdrawal timeline. Our expert team offers guidance and support through all stages of detox and rehab. Call us today for more detail about our program at (877) 328-1968.

ritalin withdrawal

Abuse of Ritalin can result in a substance use disorder. Learn what to expect during Ritalin detox and withdrawal.

Most people with school-aged kids have heard about the drug Ritalin. This drug is prescribed to children with ADHD, which affects 9.4% of the nation’s children. Ritalin is also diverted and abused by people using it for other reasons.

Someone who has acquired a problem with Ritalin will have withdrawal symptoms when they attempt to stop the drug. Before starting a Ritalin detox, read about the withdrawal symptoms and treatment options so you’ll know what to expect.

About Ritalin

Ritalin is the brand name of methylphenidate. As a central nervous system stimulant, it can help people who struggle with ADHD or narcolepsy. Ritalin is a Schedule II controlled substance, as the drug has been tagged as having a high risk for abuse. Note that both cocaine and meth also hold a Schedule II status.

Some may divert and sell the drug through illicit channels. People get ahold of the drug for recreational use, to aid with work or school, or for weight loss. Ritalin comes in instant release, sustained release, and long-acting release compounds.

Adderall is a similar drug and is also highly abused. While Ritalin and Adderall are both prescribed for ADHD, Ritalin is prescribed for children under age 17. Both drugs are prone to abuse.

Effects of Ritalin

While a child who has been put on Ritalin due to ADHD does not abuse the drug, there are plenty of people who do. This is due to its stimulant effects. For someone who does not have ADHD, taking Ritalin can result in a high that is similar to cocaine.

Some of the effects of Ritalin include:

  • Weight loss.
  • Euphoria
  • Increased alertness and focus.
  • Need for less sleep.

To increase the effects of Ritalin, some will crush the pills and snort the drug. They may also turn the Ritalin into a liquid form and inject it. Using it in these ways only increases the risk of addiction.

Long-term abuse of Ritalin can cause adverse effects, including:

  • Auditory hallucinations.
  • Violent actions.
  • Anxiety
  • Mental confusion.
  • Paranoid thoughts.
  • Compulsive behaviors.
  • Depression
  • Mania
  • Seizures

Ritalin Addiction

When someone uses Ritalin for illicit reasons they can become addicted to the drug over time. Their body begins to expect and rely on the daily dosing. Once addicted, the person will begin to have boomerang effects when it wears off. This means that instead of feeling alert, they will feel extreme fatigue. Instead of needing little sleep, they will begin to need more sleep.

Signs and symptoms of a Ritalin addiction might include:

  • Cannot cut back on the drug even though they want to.
  • Mood swings.
  • The decline in work or school performance.
  • Neglects responsibilities.
  • Irritable
  • Extreme fatigue.
  • Aggressive actions.
  • Keep taking the drug amid negative consequences.
  • Weight loss.
  • Doctor shopping to find new sources.
  • Buying the drug on the street or online.
  • Withdrawal symptoms.

When even some of these symptoms are present, it is good to seek out some expert help.

Ritalin Detox and Withdrawal

Someone who displays the signs of a Ritalin problem will need the guidance and support of a skilled detox team. It is never advised that someone who has become addicted to the drug just stop stopping ritalin cold turkey. The withdrawal symptoms could be quite severe. This is because, over time, Ritalin will have caused changes in brain cell structure and function.

The detox process will unfold over a time frame of one to two weeks. A doctor will prepare a drug taper plan to slowly reduce the brain’s need for the drug. As the person steps down the dosing, the brain and central nervous system will slowly adjust. This will help to reduce the effects of withdrawal.

How severe the symptoms are will depend on how long the person was using the drug and daily dosing. Ritalin withdrawal symptoms might include:

  • Intense drug cravings.
  • Panic attacks.
  • Increased appetite.
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Trembling
  • Vivid dreams.
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia.
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Nightmares
  • Suicidal thoughts.

Following the detox, the person will begin the process of recovery through a treatment program.

Treatment for Ritalin Addiction

Treatment for a stimulant use disorder will involve a multi-track approach. The therapies and other activities are designed to help someone slowly change the way they respond to a trigger. If, for instance, the trigger is fatigue, instead of reaching for a drug the person will go out for a run instead. It is all about changing the actions that would have, before going to rehab, followed the trigger.

Treatment will unfold over the time spent in rehab. It takes time and patience to learn new habits. Some of the treatment elements include:

  • One-on-one therapy. Talk therapy sessions allow the person to explore the core issues that may exist beneath the substance problem. Also, CBT is a useful type of therapy that can help people shift their thought patterns.
  • Group sessions. These small group sessions include peers that chat about issues related to recovery. The meetings offer a safe space where people can connect with each other and offer each other support.
  • 12-step groups. A.A.’s 12-step program is a staple at many rehabs. The meetings provide social support and fellowship.
  • Coping tools. The main goal of a rehab program is to equip the person with the tools they will need to stay sober. This can include learning how to better manage emotions and stress. Techniques that reduce stress, like yoga, mindfulness, or deep breathing, are introduced.
  • Follow up. Many programs offer alumni services where former clients can stay in touch with each other through alumni events and forums. Outpatient therapy is another helpful continuing care action.

With the support and new coping skills, someone with a Ritalin addiction can break the grip and move forward in life.

Bodhi Addiction Treatment and Wellness Provides Treatment for Stimulant Use Disorder

Bodhi Addiction Treatment and Wellness is here to help those who have found themselves with a Ritalin addiction. Our team is devoted to guiding you toward a life free from substances. Give us a call today at (877) 328-1968.

Dope Sick Withdrawal

What Does it Mean to Be Dope Sick?

Learn about the flu-like “dope sick” symptoms of opiate withdrawal

When you hear the term “dope sick” it refers to symptoms of illness that come after the effects of opiates wear off. In fact, feeling these dope sick symptoms may be the first sign that dependence has taken hold. The body has become used to the drug’s effects, and it begins to require the substance more often. The dope sick symptoms are a cue to get the next dose ready.

This is the cycle that keeps people locked in addiction. As the brain adapts to the drug, it will become destabilized when the drug is not available. This causes very unpleasant symptoms to emerge. To avoid feeling a flu-like illness, the person will be inspired to feed the disease with more heroin or pills.

Opiate addiction is a serious national problem. The CDC just released fresh data that revealed the highest ever rate of drug overdoses occurred in 2020, with 93,000 deaths. Of these, about 70,000 deaths were due to opiates, nearly 20,000 more than in 2019.

Learn About Opiate Addiction

Opiates include a class of drugs that are derived from the poppy plants that produce opium. These drugs include morphine, heroin, and codeine. Synthetic opiates include fentanyl, oxycodone, hydrocodone, oxymorphone, and hydromorphone. Fentanyl, which is 50 times more potent than heroin, is involved in a very large number of recent drug overdose deaths.

Opiates are powerful drugs with a very high risk of leading to addiction. Back in the 70s, it was found that the brain has receptor sites for opiates. When an opiate binds to these receptors it alters the body’s pain perception.

At the same time, it releases a flood of dopamine, causing euphoria. Heroin and other opiates cause the brain to produce ten times the normal levels of dopamine.

Over time, the brain pathways become altered in response to the presence of the drug. This causes the brain to stop making its own dopamine. The drug ceases to offer the same results as it once did due to increased tolerance.

Signs of Opiate Addiction

Addiction sets in quickly as the body becomes dependent on the chemical reaction in the brain. It becomes harder to function normally. Daily tasks are ignored, jobs are lost, and money problems mount. The sole focus becomes obtaining more of the drug, no matter what. Why? To avoid feeling dope sick.

There are some common warning signs that a loved one may be using opiates. Symptoms of opiate dependence or addiction can include:

  • Slowed breathing.
  • Tiny pupils.
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Constipation
  • Nodding out or losing consciousness.
  • Signs of euphoria.
  • Social withdrawal.
  • Financial problems.
  • Doctor shopping.
  • Mood swings.
  • Compromised immune system.
  • Legal problems.
  • Skin abscesses or infections due to IV use.
  • Bowel perforation.
  • Breathing distress.
  • Displays withdrawal symptoms.

Opiate Withdrawal

When you or a loved one make the choice to get help for the opiate problem, the first step in recovery will be withdrawal management. Detox services are often part of a treatment program, right there on the same campus. This is the best setting to obtain help for treating opiate addiction.

The rehab program will begin with detox. This is the time during which the body has to adjust to no longer receiving the drug. As the effects of the opiates wear off, the person will begin to feel very ill, or “dope sick.” This is the onset of opiate withdrawal symptoms. These dope sick withdrawal symptoms can begin within a few hours of the last dose:

  • Muscle aches and pain.
  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Shaking
  • Yawning
  • Chills, goosebumps.
  • Increased blood pressure.
  • Mood swings.
  • Racing heart.
  • Lethargy
  • Paranoia
  • Agitation
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Runny nose.
  • Tearing eyes.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Agitation
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Intense drug cravings.

In some cases, meds can help reduce the pain of withdrawal and cravings. These may be prescribed as part of the aftercare program to help you become stable in recovery.

Opiate Recovery

After the detox is complete, it is time to embark on the next phase of recovery. Treatment is needed because it teaches you how to manage cravings, triggers, and stress. The program will teach new coping skills and guide you in planning a relapse prevention plan. Mostly, this part of your recovery gives you a chance to make changes in your thoughts and actions.

Opiate Addiction Treatment includes:

  • Talk therapy. During these one-on-one sessions, the therapist helps you take a look inside. For most people, there are factors that might have been driving the drug use early on. This might have been to self-medicate a source of pain. These could be a mental health issue, chronic pain, a sad life event, or a past trauma.
  • CBT. CBT shows clients how their thought patterns may have led to the use of opiates. The therapist helps to point out disordered thoughts and poor responses to triggers. You then learn how to replace those distorted thoughts with healthy ones.
  • Group sessions. Group therapy provides the social support so crucial in addiction treatment. Members of the group, under the guidance of a therapist, share their own stories and discuss their feelings, their fears, and their goals. These sessions provide a chance to form lasting bonds with peers in recovery.
  • Adjunct therapies. There are several activities that can enhance the treatment results. These include family-centered therapy or couples therapy, life skills training, and coping skills. Learning how to better communicate, how to manage feelings, or to control anger are all useful in recovery.
  • Holistic. When it comes to breaking the grip of opiate addiction, the focus cannot be solely on the substance use disorder. People are comprised of a body, a mind, and a soul. When one of those is broken, it is not possible to fully heal. Holistic methods, like mindfulness, yoga, art therapy, mediation, music therapy, and deep breathing can help address and heal all aspects of the person.

Bodhi Addiction Recovery Treatment for Heroin and Prescription Pill Addiction

Bodhi Addiction Treatment devotes its efforts to care for the whole person. We apply this focus to treating clients with an opiate use disorder and dope sick withdrawal symptoms, knowing that there are many layers to the addiction. With expert treatment offered through a holistic lens, wellness can be restored. For more detail about the program, please reach out to the team today at (877) 328-1968.